Author Guidelines

These guidelines are intended to give you the information needed to submit your paper to the AIRO JOURNALS and present it in accordance with our requirements.


All papers are pre-screened to ensure that your manuscript satisfies the following points:


is the work scientifically rigorous, accurate and novel? Does the work contain significant additional material to that already published? Has its value been demonstrated?


is the material appropriate to the scope of the journal to which it is submitted?


does the problem considered have a sound motivation? Does the paper clearly demonstrate the scientific interest of the results?


has reference been made to the most recent and most appropriate work? Is the present work set in the context of the previous work?


is the English clear and well written? Poorly written English may obscure the scientific merit of your paper. Are the ideas expressed clearly and concisely? Are the concepts understandable?

Publication Criteria

To be accepted for publication in AIRO, research articles must satisfy the following criteria:

The study presents the results of primary scientific research.

Results reported have not been published elsewhere.

Experiments, statistics, and other analyses are performed to a high technical standard and are described in sufficient detail.

Conclusions are presented in an appropriate fashion and are supported by the data.

The article is presented in an intelligible fashion and is written in Standard English.

The research meets all applicable standards for the ethics of experimentation and research integrity.

The article adheres to appropriate reporting guidelines and community standards for data availability.

Manuscript Presentation Criteria

Original papers should be submitted as a single unsecured .pdf/.doc/.docx/.rtf file that includes all figures and tables. Original manuscript can be uploaded through author dashboard on our portal.


Original research papers submitted to the AIRO Research Journals should not exceed 20 pages.


Papers must be typed in a font size no smaller than 10 pt and greater than 12 pt, and presented in two column layout with single line spacing on one side A4 paper. All pages should be numbered. Author can refer to sample format of the paper, which is be available at downloads. All accepted papers will be edited into the AIRO Research Journals house-style.

Language, spelling and grammar

All papers must be written in US International English. If English is not your first language, you should ask an English-speaking colleague to proofread your paper. Papers that fail to meet basic standards of literacy are likely to be declined immediately by the editors.

Acronyms and abbreviations

Acronyms and abbreviations should be clearly defined on their first occurrence in the text by writing the term out in full and following it with the abbreviation in round brackets.


Title should be concise but informative and should not include a subtitle.

Author affiliations

These should immediately follow the title. For multiple-authored articles, list the names of all the authors, followed by author’s academic/professional details.


This should be informative and suitable for direct inclusion in abstracting services as a self-contained article. It should not exceed 200 words. It should indicate the general scope and also state the main results obtained, methods used the value of the work and the conclusions drawn. No figure numbers, table numbers, references or displayed mathematical expressions should be included.


Papers should be divided into numbered sections, subsections and, if necessary, sub subsections (e.g. 3, 3.1, 3.1.1, etc.).


Vectors and matrices should be displayed in bold and variables in italic. Italics should not be used for emphasis.

Figures and figure captions

Figures will be reproduced exactly as supplied, with no redrawing or relabeling. It is therefore imperative that the supplied figures are of the highest possible quality. Each figure should be explicitly referred to in numerical order. Figures should be embedded within the text at the appropriate point. Figure captions should be as concise as possible. Figure keys should appear in boxes within the figure itself.

Figures with multiple sections should be labeled (a), (b), (c), etc. Use a comma to separate quantities from units on figure axes, e.g. "time, ms". Characters, subscripts and superscripts used in figures should be consistent with those in the text. AIRO Journals encourage the use of color for the online version of its articles. Authors supplying color figures enjoy the benefit of their work being presented online in full color.


Each table should be referred to explicitly in the text. Tables should be referred to in numerical order. Avoid the use of unusual mathematical characters or graphical material in tables, since the markup language may not be able to reproduce this. If your table contains such material, it will be set as a figure.


Algorithms should not be boxed and should be set as normal text, not as a figure or a table.

Computer code

A long line of computer code that fits on to one single-column page may have to be separated into two lines when typeset. Please take this into account when writing any code. Code may be typeset in the form of a figure to enable full-column-width.

Mathematics and equations

When writing mathematics, avoid confusion between characters that could be mistaken for one another, e.g. the letter 'l' and the figure one. Equations should be capable of fitting into a two-column print format. Vectors and matrices should be in bold and variables in italic.

If your paper contains superscripts or subscripts, take special care to ensure that the positioning of the characters is unambiguous. Exponential expressions should be written using superscript notation, i.e. 5x103 not 5E03. A multiplication sign should be used, not a dot.


Acknowledgments should appear as a separate section between the Conclusions and References sections.


The AIRO Journals use the numerical system for references. You should number your references sequentially through the text, and each reference should be individually numbered and enclosed in square brackets (e.g. [1]). Please ensure that all references in the Reference list are cited in the text and vice versa. Failure to do so may cause delays in the production of your article.

Please also ensure that you provide as much information as possible to allow the reader to locate the article concerned. This is particularly important for articles appearing in conferences, workshops and books that may not appear in journal databases.

Please provide all author name(s) and initials, title of the paper, date published, title of the journal or book, volume number, editors (if any), and finally the page range. For books and conferences, the town of publication and publisher (in parentheses) should also be given.

Examples of the ways in which references should be cited are given below:

Journal Article


Last, F. M., & Last, F. M. (Year Published). Article title. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), pp. Pages.


Jacoby, W. G. (1994). Public attitudes toward government spending. American Journal of Political Science, 38(2), 336-361.

Fearon, J. D., & Laitin, D. D. (2003). Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War. American Political Science Review, 97(01), 75. doi: 10.1017/S0003055403000534

Conference paper


Last name, FM. (Year published). Title of Paper or Proceedings, Title of Conference, Location, Date. Place of publication: Publisher.


Cloyd, AM. (2014). Surveying students: A look at citation habits of college students, presented at EasyBib Info Lit Conference, New York City, 2014. New York, NY: EasyBib Publishing.

Book, book chapter and manual


Last, F. M. (Year Published) Book. City, State: Publisher.


James, H. (1937). The ambassadors. New York, NY: Scribner.

Rowling, J.K. (2001). Harry Potter and the socerer's stone. London: Bloomsburg Children's.


Abbott, N.L.: ‘The title of the thesis’. PhD thesis, XYZ University, 2005



Last, F. M. (Year, Month Date Published). Article title. Retrieved from URL


Brownee, B. (2010, July 15). Water aerobics. Retrieved from

Ashish G. (2012, June 29). The Negative effects of Facebook on communication. Social Media Today RSS. Retrieved from

Appendices & supplementary material

Additional material, e.g. mathematical derivations that may interrupt the flow of your paper's argument should form a separate Appendix section. However, authors are encouraged to submit additional material as online supplementary material. This should be uploaded as an additional PDF during submission. Do not use appendices to lengthen your article unnecessarily. If the material can be found in another work, cite this work rather than reproduce it.

Proof correction

After your paper is accepted, we will upload the page proof of your paper to our website and will send you an email notifying you that it is available for viewing. We ask you to return your corrections within three working days or sooner. We work to a tight production schedule and for this reason may publish your paper without your corrections if the proof reaches you during an absence of which we have not been informed or if the corrections are not returned sufficiently quickly. Alternatively, your paper may be postponed to a future issue.

Requests for last-minute corrections, i.e. amendments to the original manuscript, may be denied at the managing editor's discretion, particularly if these are likely to delay publication. Major changes-of-mind, e.g. rewriting of whole sections, is not permitted at this stage.


Completed 'Publication Agreement and Assessment of Copyright' and 'Statement of Originality' forms are required for all papers. These should be emailed, posted or faxed to the Editorial Office (address given on the form) once you have uploaded your paper.

The forms should be signed by all authors. If this is not practical, the corresponding author may sign on behalf of all authors.

If you wish to make use of previously published illustrations, diagrams or photographs in your paper, you must first obtain the written permission of the copyright holder concerned (usually the publisher) before incorporating the work in your article. The source of the material must also be acknowledged in full.


Probably the most important role journals play is forming our archive of knowledge. Obviously, the accuracy and quality of the material contained in this archive is of central importance. Peer review serves as one of the most important mechanisms for validating the information contained in these journals. The relevance of peer review clearly varies among the different functions of journals. Peer review is generally seen as vital for the roles of forming an archive of knowledge and distributing rewards. The practice of peer review is to ensure that good science is published. It is an objective process at the heart of good scholarly publishing and is carried out on all reputable scientific journals. Peer review process adopted by IM Journals not only acts as a filter but also plays a vital role to increase the quality of research submitted for journal publications. Because of its mentoring nature AIRO peer review process also helps author(s) to remove any errors or gaps in manuscript mistakenly overlooked and assist in making the research more applicable in real time. Respected for its International reputation, the editorial and reviewer boards of AIRO Journals comprised experts with not only having the academic background but also the researchers serving the industry. For indepth review, at least two outside referees are consulted. Reviewers are contacted before being sent a paper and are asked to return comments within 1 to 2 weeks for most papers. Reviewers may be selected to evaluate separate components of a manuscript. We greatly appreciate the time spent in preparing a review, and will consult you on a revision of a manuscript only if we believe the paper has been significantly improved but still requires input. All our editorial and reviewer board members are dedicated to ensure the validity and originality of journal publications. In order to ensure that only non-plagiarized, original and high quality research publications each manuscript is assigned to at least three editors and each editor is assigned not more than two manuscripts. This is to ensure that editors are not overburdened with the review of assigned papers. Each editor further assigns manuscript to multiple reviewers. Our editors are well known experts in their respective areas and we have seen that our editors sometimes assign a manuscript to two to five reviewers depending upon availability of their peers. Reviewers assess the manuscript for critical analysis, comparative analysis and most importantly for integrity and novelty of research work. Each manuscript is evaluated through concrete parameters set by IM Journals and editorial board members. These parameters reflect different aspects of the submitted manuscript including the research quality, paper formatting and more importantly reference/citations. Once the reviewers submit review comments of the paper then the relevant (assigned) editor analyses the review comments and submit his remarks to Editor In Chief (EIC). Similarly all editors who are assigned manuscripts follow the same procedure. At the end EIC ensures that at least three review comments (from reviewers) and editors’ remarks are submitted for each paper in order to make the final decision of the manuscript.


1. Submission of Paper

The corresponding or submitting author submits the paper to the AIRO journal. This is usually via an online system such as Scholar One Manuscripts. Occasionally, journals may accept submissions by email.

2. Editorial Office Assessment

The AIRO journal checks the paper’s composition and arrangement against the journal’s Author Guidelines to make sure it includes the required sections and stylizations. The quality of the paper is not assessed at this point.

3. Appraisal by the Editor-in-Chief (EIC)

The EIC checks that the paper is appropriate for the journal and is sufficiently original and interesting. If not, the paper may be rejected without being reviewed any further.

4. EIC Assigns an Associate Editor (AE)

AIRO journals have Associate Editors who handle the peer review so the paper will send to those Editors for further check and review.

5. Review is conducted

The reviewer sets time aside to read the paper several times. The first read is used to form an initial impression of the work. If major problems are found at this stage, the reviewer may feel comfortable rejecting the paper without further work. Otherwise they will read the paper several more times, taking notes so as to build a detailed point-by-point review. The review is then submitted to the AIRO journal, with a recommendation to accept or reject it – or else with a request for revision (usually flagged as either major or minor) before it is reconsidered.

6. Journal Evaluates the Reviews

The handling editor considers all the returned reviews before making an overall decision. If the reviews differ widely, the editor may invite an additional reviewer so as to get an extra opinion before making a decision.

7. Next Steps

If accepted, the paper is sent to production to AIRO Journals. If the article is rejected or sent back for either major or minor revision, the handling editor should include constructive comments from the reviewers to help the author improve the article At this point, reviewers should also be sent an email or letter letting them know the outcome of their review. If the paper was sent back for revision, the reviewers should expect to receive a new version, unless they have opted out of further participation. However, where only minor changes were requested this follow-up review might be done by the handling editor.


Reviewers play an extremely important role in the peer review process. Efforts of reviewers are the key for the objectives of a fair and timely review process for all of our manuscripts and the publications of only papers of the highest quality. We greatly appreciate reviewers for volunteering their time and expertise to review the submitted manuscripts of Airo International Research Journal. AIRO performs the blind reviews for manuscripts, so the identity of every reviewer is protected. And reviewers must treat the manuscripts as confidential documents, which should must not be shown to or discussed with the others except with the authors’ permission. If you're interested in serving as a reviewer of AIRO, please register online (Only Ph.D. holders are qualified to apply for reviewers). Most experienced industry person also considered.

Declaration of the registration fee for the Airo Journals

Airo International Journal: 3500 Rupees

Airo National Journal: 3000 Rupees

Chief Editor:

Ashutosh R. Shrivastava


Dr. T. Venkat Rao

Year Since Publishing:


Impact Factor:

2.04 to 3.19


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